Europe, Asia & North America
Peppermint, (Mentha piperita), strongly aromatic perennial herb of the mint family (Lamiaceae). The plant is a hybrid between watermint (Mentha aquatica) and spearmint (M. spicata)
Mentha piperita has a strong sweetish odour and a warm pungent taste with a cooling aftertaste. The leaves are typically used fresh as a culinary herb.
The plant has square stems, stalked, smooth, dark green leaves, and blunt oblong clusters of pinkish lavender flowers. As with other mints, the plant can spread aggressively by means of stolons (underground stems).
The main active ingredient in Peppermint is Menthol, which is an organic compound that produces a cooling sensation when applied to the mouth or skin. It also acts as a mild anesthetic (which means a compound creating a reversible loss of sensation).
Mentha piperita this plant needs lots of water and it is often found naturalized by streams and ponds where the soil is rich and the drainage is good. It won tolerate dry conditions. While partial sun is sufficient for peppermint, planting it in full sun will increase the potency of its oils and medicinal qualities. Protect plants from hot afternoon sun
Nutrient-rich, moist soil is ideal, although mint grows in nearly any type of soil. Amend soil with organic matter, such as compost.
Sage herb is an excellent choice for xeriscaping or low water landscapes.